The menstrual cycle is a monthly occurrence. This cycle, more commonly called a period; take into account the time between the first menstrual bleeding of the month until the start of the first day of menstrual bleeding the following month. As an average this cycle lasts for approximately 28 days. However it is considered normal to have a period ranging from 21 to 35 days and these variations should not be cause for concern. Studies have even shown teens to experience up to 45 day cycles in general.
During the period, the very first sign or symptoms of menstruation is bleeding. However, a few days before actual menstrual flow begins, it is very common to experience abdominal pain as a symptom. This is part of the common occurrence PMS experienced by women, standing for premenstrual cycle symptoms or just premenstrual symptoms. There are other symptoms that accompany this pain, which usually begin a day or two prior to when menstruation is expected. These can include cramps in the legs, back and belly, acne, water retention, weight gain, lack of energy, lack of sleep, decreases in activity levels, and breast tenderness. Usually these symptoms tend to disappear with the first couple days of the period. Behavioral and emotional changes such as mood swings, depression, irritability, confusion and aggressiveness are also experienced by many women. The egg is released by the ovaries midway through the menstrual cycle and some women experience a day or so f red spotting and lower belly pain.
Most women also tend to notice increased food cravings during or right before their menstrual cycle, for foods such as salt, sugar, chocolate, etc.
Some of the other symptoms during menstruation that many women suffer from are diarrhea, abdominal gas, indigestion, headache, nausea, etc. The symptoms associated with menstrual cycle flu are very similar to those of the regular flu. Joint pain, muscle aches and headaches are some of those symptoms that may be included
Up to 30% of women who are in their fertile ages still are known to exhibit such symptoms of irregularity. Some of the common characteristics of an abnormal or irregular period are early bleeding, bleeding between period and a late period. Other symptoms sometimes contributing to an irregular menstrual cycle are periods occurring twice within one cycle, continuous periods, or even missing a period.
There are certain menstrual cycle disorders that can cause an abnormal period, this can sometimes cause hormonal signals to be disrupted and these are what are responsible for the production of the period. Birth control pills, pregnancy, menopause, stress, irregular menarche, improper exercise and diet may all trigger these disorders. Inflammatory bowel disease, which is inflammation of the colon, and polycystic ovary syndrome are types of medical conditions that can also be the cause of menstrual cycle problems